It can happen to anyone: the sudden onset of a throbbing toothache at the most inconvenient of times. Perhaps it arrives in the middle of the night, or worse, at the start of your weekend–when a whole lot of time and agony seem to stand between you and the next available dentist appointment.
You'll live, of course, but there is no need to suffer so badly! With a little observation and resourcefulness, the wait for professional care can be a lot less excruciating.
Conduct a Self-Exam
Understanding what is causing your tooth to ache can help you identify the best solution for interim relief. While a cavity is the more probable culprit, other common reasons include:
A damaged filling that has left a sensitive nerve exposed
An abscessed tooth, which tends to feel more painful due to an infection of the root
A jaw complication ("TMD"" or "TMJ") resulting from excessive chewing or grinding
Sinusitis, an inflammation of the nasal area often confused with tooth pain
You won't know for sure what's truly to blame until you see your dentist, but a quick assessment of your symptoms and the location of your discomfort may prove telling. For instance, extremely sharp, shooting pain and fever suggest an abscessed tooth is likely, whereas tenderness in the jaw area and a clicking sound is usually due to TMD.
How to Ease the Pain at Home
Countless tips are touted to zap your toothache as quickly as it started, but aside from visiting your dentist, there is no long lasting cure. For temporary relief however, here are a few tried-and-true measures you can take:
Take a dose of store-bought pain medication, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen
Soak the problem tooth in clove oil to help dull the throbbing
Avoid yawning or chewing, especially if you suspect your toothache is jaw-related
Pass on extremely cold or hot foods that may cause acute pain in your tooth
Wear a mouth guard while sleeping to prevent grinding down on the tooth
Use an ice pack or cold compress near your problem tooth to minimize any swelling
Rinsing your mouth with water and salt, and stepping up your normal dental routine in general can also keep the problem from getting worse.
(Please note that these suggestions are for adults only. If your child suffers a toothache, consult with his or her pediatrician for safe treatment options.)
Long Term Preventative Care
Once your appointment is under way, use the time you have with your dentist to its fullest. He or she will be able to determine the cause and treat the toothache accordingly. After the problem has been treated, be sure to ask for a detailed explanation and recommendations to help you avoid a similar experience in the future.
Brushing, flossing and regular check-ups continue to play central roles in the world of preventative care, but based on your unique dental situation, additional procedures may be recommended as part of your treatment plan.
Dental Health and Toothaches. (2013, March 24). Retrieved June 1, 2015 from http://www.webmd.com/oral-health/guide/toothaches
Toothache: Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention. (2013, December 17). Retrieved June 1, 2015 from http://www.webmd.boots.com/oral-health/guide/toothaches
Toothache Treatment. (2014, January 10). Retrieve June 1, 2015 from http://www.webmd.com/first-aid/toothache-treatment